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By Fischer, W.

Translated from the German by way of Jonathan Rogers

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Read e-book online A Grammar of Classical Arabic PDF

Translated from the German through Jonathan Rogers

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From the present perspective, it might be accounted for if pronouns in (the relevant varieties of) Arabic did have to move to the highest specifier within DP. In the previous section I discussed some issues related to the claim that specifiers c-command out of their containing category. This property is due to the union of two factors. The first is that the LCA forces specifiers to be analyzed as instances of adjunction (otherwise, a specifier and its sister phrase would be too "symmetric"). The second is the definition (16) of c - c o m m d in terms of category dominance (rather than segment dominance).

41) Never has Peter danced so well. I take never here to be adjoined to the projection of the functional head that contains has. This strategy is not available with yesterday. (42) *Yesterday did Peter dance. paradigm suggests that (39) is the covert equivalent of (42) and that the -? 26 That (39) and (41) are indeed parallel is suggested further by their similar behavior in embedded contexts. (43) I didn't know *(that) yesterday Peter danced. (44) I didn't know *(that) never had Peter danced so well.

Word Order 41 Williams (198 1, p. g The fact that the head of a word is rightmost in a language like English, whose syntactic heads are visibly leftmost in their minimal phrase, is, however, surprising. The present theory based on the LCA succeeds in providing an account for it, as follows. From the discussion of (6),we know that in an adjunction structure the adjoining element must invariably precede the element adjoined to. A word is an adjunction structure, whose head, by the natural definition (1I), is the element adjoined to.

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A Grammar of Classical Arabic by Fischer, W.


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