Download e-book for kindle: A Linguistic History of Italian (Longman Linguistics by Martin Maiden

By Martin Maiden

ISBN-10: 131789927X

ISBN-13: 9781317899273

Publish 12 months note: First released in 1995 through Longman Publishing
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A Linguistic heritage of Italian bargains a transparent and concise clarification of why glossy Italian grammar has develop into how it is. It specializes in the consequences of old alterations at the smooth constitution of Italian, revealing styles and buildings which aren't continually obvious to those that are just accustomed to smooth Italian. even supposing the e-book concentrates at the inner historical past of the language, the emergence of Italian is taken into account opposed to the broader heritage of the heritage of the Italian dialects, and different exterior elements equivalent to cultural and social impacts also are tested. Surveys of present examine are incorporated, protecting quite a lot of phenomena lately delivered to gentle or re-evaluated.

This ebook comprises dialogue of a few components fairly missed by way of prior histories of the language, comparable to the advance of Italian open air Italy. specific consciousness is paid to the effect of alternative Romance dialects, the linguistic results of Italian turning into a literary instead of a spoken language, and structural diversifications that have resulted from the purchase of the language by means of a predominantly dialect-speaking inhabitants.

Containing truly provided examples, the booklet is designed to be obtainable to these with out wisdom of Italian itself. it is going to hence entice scholars of common linguistics, background linguistics, and Romance linguistics, in addition to these learning Italian. it's the merely significant 'internal' heritage of Italian at present to be had in English.

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Extra info for A Linguistic History of Italian (Longman Linguistics Library)

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This definition clearly includes Sardinian and Friulian, but excludes Franco­ Proven\al, for which the 'guiding' language is French. Unfortunately, it also tends to exclude Corsican, which is patently a variety of Tuscan (introduced to the island around 1000), yet most of whose speakers would now recognize French, not Italian, as their 'guiding' language (see also Dalbera­ Stefanaggi (1991: 27-30». 5. Substratist accounts are on much firmer ground where the lexicon is concerned. Words such as verna 'elm' and hriic 'heather' in northern dialects are known to be of Celtic origin.

For this reason, the following account of Italian historical phonology has a strongly morphological bias, in that it explores in particular those changes which have helped to confer on the language its characteristic morphological shape. Sections I to 3 of this chapter summarize the principal phonological developments from Latin I to Italian. Thereafter, a number of sound changes which have had a major impact on morphological structure will receive a more detailed investigation. 1 The prosodic system Prosodic (or suprasegrnental) phonology is concerned with domains or 'stretches of sounds', greater than the single consonant or vowel segment.

INTRODUCTION II idiom remote from spontaneous, everyday, language - has changed strikingly little since the time of Boccaccio and Petrarch, particularly in the domains of phonology and morphology. Before the fifteenth century, it might be more accurate to talk of 'old Tuscan' rather than of 'old Italian',B since Tuscan was not universally accepted as the Italian lingua, even though the perception of the prestige and primacy of Tuscan was gathering ground from the time of Dante onwards. In the fifteenth century we find the terms fiorentino, toscano and italiano being used sometimes interchangeably.

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