By Ron Field
The Mississippi River performed a decisive function within the American Civil battle. The accomplice fortifications that managed the reduce Mississippi valley have been positioned to the try out within the long Federal crusade of 1862-63. Vicksburg was once a fort urban, often called the "Gibraltar of the Confederacy," whose seize is frequently noticeable because the key to victory within the battle.
This e-book explores the fortifications of the river valley, targeting Vicksburg and its defenses which boasted a community of forts, rifle pits, and cannon embrasures surrounding town and studying the strengths and weaknesses of the fortifications whilst below siege. additionally tested are quite a few different fortified strongholds, together with New Orleans, Port Hudson, New Madrid and, forts Henry and Donelson, all lavishly illustrated with complete colour art and cutaways.
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Extra resources for American Civil War Fortifications
A soldier in the 3rd Louisiana reported: “Suddenly the earth under our feet gave a convulsive shudder and with a mufﬂed roar, a mighty column of earth, men, poles, spades, and guns arose many feet in the air. ” Six Mississippians working in a countermine were buried alive in the earth thrown up by the blast. Two more mines were completed and several others begun during the siege. ” In Grant’s army, the digging and repair work was done by men of the pioneer companies of divisions, by details from troops manning the lines, or by free blacks.
Garrott. This redoubt contained one 6-pounder and one 12-pounder howitzer, manned by Vaiden’s Mississippi Battery, and another 12-pounder howitzer served by Waddell’s Alabama Battery. Between June 16 and 17, 1863 the 20th Alabama suffered heavy casualties from the ﬁre of Federal sharpshooters in riﬂe pits close to the fort. Exasperated by the damage being inﬂicted on his men, Garrott picked up a riﬂe-musket to help return ﬁre and was shot through the heart. He died without learning that he had been promoted to brigadier general.
Com 49 This recent photo of the sap in front of the Square Fort called Hovey’s Left Approach illustrates how some of the trenches zigzagged as they approached the Confederate earthworks. (Courtesy of the National Park Service) The saps To bring the Union army close to the Confederate defense line, construction of protected approaches was begun. As the siege progressed saps, or approach trenches, 6ft deep and covered over in places by fascines, and screened by gabions, in order to conceal troops, zigzagged their way toward the works defending Vicksburg.
American Civil War Fortifications by Ron Field