By Ron Field
The Mississippi River performed a decisive position within the American Civil conflict. The accomplice fortifications that managed the reduce Mississippi valley have been positioned to the try within the long Federal crusade of 1862-63. Vicksburg used to be a fort urban, referred to as the "Gibraltar of the Confederacy," whose catch is frequently obvious because the key to victory within the conflict. This publication explores the fortifications of the river valley, concentrating on Vicksburg and its defenses which boasted a community of forts, rifle pits, and cannon embrasures surrounding town and studying the strengths and weaknesses of the fortifications whilst less than siege. additionally tested are a variety of different fortified strongholds, together with New Orleans, Port Hudson, New Madrid and, forts Henry and Donelson, all lavishly illustrated with complete colour art and cutaways.
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Extra resources for American Civil War Fortifications. The Mississippi and River Forts
Confederate losses were over 7,200, including 5,500 prisoners, two steamers, 60 guns, 5,000 small arms, 150,000 rounds of small-arms ammunition, and almost 45,000 pounds of gunpowder. The fortifications of Vicksburg, 1862-63 In May 1863, President Abraham Lincoln had declared, "Vicksburg is the key! " From mid-October 1862, Major General Ulysses S. Grant made several unsuccessful attempts to capture this river city, but Union efforts at Chickasaw Bluffs, and the Yazoo Pass and Steele's Bayou expeditions, came to nought.
Subsequent to the bravery of the Alabamian officer, the Railroad Redoubt was also referred to as Fort Pettus by the Confederates for the remainder of the siege. Square Fort (Fort Garrott) Controlling the southeast approaches to Vicksburg, the Square Fort was a foursided redoubt which sat diagonally on the Confederate lines. The two faces projecting from the main line consisted of parapets about 26ft wide with ditches 8ft deep and 18ft wide. Those behind the lines were of the same dimensions minus the ditch.
Square Fort (Fort Garrott) Controlling the southeast approaches to Vicksburg, the Square Fort was a foursided redoubt which sat diagonally on the Confederate lines. The two faces projecting from the main line consisted of parapets about 26ft wide with ditches 8ft deep and 18ft wide. Those behind the lines were of the same dimensions minus the ditch. According to General Alfred Cumming, commanding the Second Brigade of Stevenson's Division, his brigade moved into the Vicksburg trenches extending from the Square Fort to the Salient Work on May 18, 1863, where it remained "without relief for forty-seven days, until the capitulation of the city on July 4 ...
American Civil War Fortifications. The Mississippi and River Forts by Ron Field