By Z. Gabsi.
The Tunisian Berber (or Shilha) vernaculars are one of the least defined Afroasiatic (Hamito-Semitic) languages to this present day. even though they've been provisionally assigned to the North-Berber team in the Berber department of Afroasiatic, their fast association continues to be an open query. The imperative activity of this current paintings is to explain the phonology, morphology and syntax of Douiret. much less valuable to the goals of the examine is the research of the fundamental wordstores of the 3 surviving Shilha forms which come with Douiret, Chninni (or Chenini) and Ouirsighen (Jerba). The Shilha number of Douiret is selected for this research since it nonetheless keeps a few basic parts of Berber constitution which aren't very distinctive to different Berber languages comparable to Kabyle and Tamazight. The examine exhibits that Tunisian Berber nonetheless survives this day, yet its destiny is still doubtful within the face of the forces of urbanisation, fiscal migration and shortage of presidency help all of that could give a contribution hypothetically to its most probably dying. This research should be pursued as regards to the social and cultural context of the Tunisian Berber vernaculars. study at the nature of language touch bewtween Tunisian Arabic and Shilha is essentially non-existent and during this learn, is a secondary drawback. The powerful impact of the neighborhood Arabic superstratum on Shilha in phonology, morphology, syntax and lexis is additionally investigated, in addition to the presence of Berber parts within the certain Arabic dialect of Tunisia. because the thesis identify indicates, this research shouldn't be taken because the final note on Berber in Tunisia. The little on hand information on Berber in Tunisia makes the duty more durable in developing a transparent photograph of its constitution and courting with different Berber languages similar to Kabyle and Tamazight.
Doctor of Philosophy (PhD) (Education)
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Extra resources for An outline of the Shilha (Berber) vernacular of Douiret (Southern Tunisia)
8 Some of the important Phoenician ruins in Tunisia were discovered on the site of Kcrkouanc, located at the Cape Bon peninsula. According to Fantar ( 1987: 111) this city had an ancient name which was Tamezrat. The word Tamezrat is a Berber name which in Kabyle means 'pays. pays natal. ion' (Taifi 1991:448). 9 Julien ( 1970:332) discussed the Turkish influence by stating: In the Tunis Regency, a land of ancient civilisation, the Turks were gradually assimilated . It can be said that by the beginning of the nineteenth century the process was complete and the Husainid dynasty had become a Tunisian dynasty.
31 Concerning the origin of the word Cedouikech, the locals believe that the town was named after a black man named Wikch. The latter used to commute to the island via a bridge (sudd in Arabic) and hence the word developed into Sudd WikS. According to R. Basset (1883:306), the Cedouikech Berbers are the descendants of Ketama tribe. He also gave variations to the word Cedouikech as being used in the year of 1883 which include: Sedounkes, Sedoutkes and Sedoui'kes. 25 Chapter 1 General Introduction language.
The literature on Algerian and Moroccan Berber is plentiful. In lexicography there is the work of Dallet (1982) and Taifi (1991). In the field of grammar we have the study of Mammeri ( 1992). In morphology there is the work of Cadi ( 1987) and Nai't-Zarrad ( 1994 ). One must emphasise the ample contributions of Chaker on Berber language and culture. 37 Pencheon's same article was re-published in Payne (1983:23-34). Chapter 1 General Introduction Both early and recent contributions to the literature on Berber in Algeria and Morocco are more abundant than the work done to date on Shilba, suffice to mention the recent work of Ennaji (1985), Cadi (1987), Nalt-Zerrad (1994) and Sadiqi (1997).
An outline of the Shilha (Berber) vernacular of Douiret (Southern Tunisia) by Z. Gabsi.